In 1967 the Canadian government adopted a new immigration policy which gave people from all parts of the world an equal opportunity to qualify for admission. For the first time in Canadian history, prospective Chinese immigrants were treated exactly the same as immigrants of other nationalities and were selected for admission according to education, training, skills and other criteria linked to economic and manpower requirements.

1967年,加拿大政府通過了一項新的移民政策,在加拿大歷史上,這是華人第一次獲得與其他種族同等的對待。

在新移民政策之下,所有人均獲得平等機會申請移民加拿大,所有被接納的移民都是根據其個人學歷,專門技術或其他經濟條件而獲得批准的。

During the 1970s and 1980s, Chinese communities in Calgary experienced significant growth, primarily because of emigrants from Hong Kong. Unlike the early Chinese pioneers, many of them were independent immigrants and were admitted according to their educational background, occupational skills, knowledge of English and personal qualities. Most of them were professionals such as doctors, engineers and architects. A considerable number of Chinese immigrants from Hong Kong were entrepreneurs of moderate or great wealth who set up businesses and created employment for Canada; their businesses ranged from restaurants to banking and their influence is seen today in all walks of life.

 

​In 1973, a provision in the Immigration Act permitted permanent residency to any person who had been in Canada on or before November 30 1972, including visitors and students. As a result, many Chinese students from Hong Kong and other places became landed immigrants.

在1970年代和1980年代,卡爾加里的華人社區經歷了顯著的增長,這主要是由於來自香港的移民。與早期的中國移民不同,他們中的許多人都是獨立移民,並根據他們的教育背景,職業技能,英語知識和個人素質被錄取。他們大多數是專業人員,例如醫生,工程師和建築師。大量來自香港的中國移民是中型或大型財富的企業家,他們為加拿大開辦企業並創造了就業機會。他們的業務從餐館到銀行不等,如今在各行各業都可以看到他們的影響力。

1973年,《移民法》的一項規定允許任何在1972年11月30日或之前在加拿大居住的人(包括來訪者和學生)獲得永久居留權。結果,許多來自香港和其他地方的中國學生成為了本地居民。

Preface

1968-1994

Part 3

1968-1994 Part 4

Immigrants from Hong Kong

香港移民

Conclusion

結語

1980年,加拿大政府增設了一項投資移民類別。該計劃吸引了許多富有的香港企業家和投資者到加拿大。這些企業家移民幫助加拿大的工業重新振作起來。例如,1987年,香港億萬富翁李嘉誠(Li Ka Shing)。收購了總部位於卡爾加里的赫斯基石油有限公司的52%股權。1988年4月,他的公司Concord Pacific Developments Ltd以3.2億美元的價格收購了False Creek北岸86公頃世博會用地,總投資額為3.2億美元。社區獲得了更廣泛的融資,並幫助加拿大創造了就業機會。

在卡爾加里的唐人街,由於大量香港移民湧入,開發商和商人增加了投資。今後,預料華埠人口將不斷增加,工商業將更加蓬勃,華人社區更興旺。

In 1980 a new 'investor' immigrant category was introduced. This program has attracted many wealthy Hong Kong entrepreneurs and investors to Canada. Those entrepreneur immigrants have helped Canadian industries get back on their feet. For example, in 1987 Li Ka Shing, a Hong Kong billionaire, purchased 52% of Calgary-based Husky Oil Ltd. In April 1988, Li's company, Concord Pacific Developments Ltd, purchased the 85-hectare site of Expo '86 on the north shore of False Creek for $320 million. These investments helped the Canadian business community access a broader range of financing and helped create jobs in the country.

 

​In Calgary's Chinatown, because of the exposed influx of large numbers of immigrants from Hong Kong, developers and business men have increased their investments. In the coming future, Chinatown will go through more drastic changes. The population is continuing to increase; as a result, there will be more commercial developments and more businesses leading to an even more vibrant community.

The history of the Chinese in Calgary in the last 100 years, just like the Chinese everywhere in Canada, is mostly a story of racial oppression, denial of civil rights and many years of systematic discrimination created by the host community and a succession of governments at all levels for most of the century.

From the time the first Chinese set foot in Canada more than 100 years ago, they have been met with extreme cruelty and hostility from the white majority. The xenophobic attitudes of of the host country, particularly in the first half of the this century, had caused the early Chinese settlers an experience of mental and physical suffering and indignity that no other minority group in the history of Canada had ever encountered.

Through their unique characteristics of sacrifice, perseverance and hard work, the Chinese managed to survive over a half century of injustice and hardship at the hand of the host country. Notwithstanding the ordeal, they made a significant contribution to the building of Canada, from the gold rush in the Fraser Valley and the construction of the most treacherous portion of the Canadian Pacific Railway in British Columbia, through their efforts during the Second World War, to their presence in many fields today.

With the changing attitude of the white majority after the Second World War, and the subsequent introduction of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and official policies of multiculturalism, and a more equitable and enlightened immigration policy, the Chinese began to prosper. Just as Canada is focusing its attention on the economic powerhouse of eastern Asia, Chinese Canadians are injecting a new vitality into Canadian society, which will have a profound, far reaching and positive effect for Canada as it enters the 21st century.

卡爾加里的華人,和加拿大其他地區的華人一樣,在近百年來的歷史,實在是一部受著白人和白人政府有計劃的歧視制度下掙扎求存的血淚史。

從100多年前第一批華人踏上加拿大之時起,白人就對他們施加了極大的殘酷和敵意。東道國的仇外態度,特別是在本世紀上半葉,使早期的華人定居者經歷了身心遭受痛苦和侮辱的經歷,這是加拿大歷史上沒有其他少數民族遇到過的。

通過犧牲,毅力和辛勤工作的獨特特徵,中國人在東道國的手中克服了半個世紀的不公正和艱辛。儘管經歷了磨難,但通過第二次世界大戰期間的努力,他們為加拿大的建設做出了重大貢獻,從菲沙河谷的淘金熱到不列顛哥倫比亞省加拿大太平洋鐵路最險惡的部分的建設,一直到他們在各行各業的貢獻。

隨著第二次世界大戰後白人多數派態度的變化,以及隨後出台的《權利和自由憲章》和多元文化主義的官方政策以及更加公平和開明的移民政策,華人亦興旺起來。正如加拿大將注意力集中在東亞的經濟強國上一樣,加拿大華裔正在為加拿大社會注入新的活力,這將對進入21世紀的加拿大產生深遠和積極的影響。

In 1967 the Canadian government adopted a new immigration policy which gave people from all parts of the world an equal opportunity to qualify for admission. For the first time in Canadian history, prospective Chinese immigrants were treated exactly the same as immigrants of other nationalities and were selected for admission according to education, training, skills and other criteria linked to economic and manpower requirements.

During the 1970s and 1980s, Chinese communities in Calgary experienced significant growth, primarily because of emigrants from Hong Kong. Unlike the early Chinese pioneers, many of them were independent immigrants and were admitted according to their educational background, occupational skills, knowledge of English and personal qualities. Most of them were professionals such as doctors, engineers and architects. A considerable number of Chinese immigrants from Hong Kong were entrepreneurs of moderate or great wealth who set up businesses and created employment for Canada; their businesses ranged from restaurants to banking and their influence is seen today in all walks of life.

 

​In 1973, a provision in the Immigration Act permitted permanent residency to any person who had been in Canada on or before November 30 1972, including visitors and students. As a result, many Chinese students from Hong Kong and other places became landed immigrants.

In 1980 a new 'investor' immigrant category was introduced. This program has attracted many wealthy Hong Kong entrepreneurs and investors to Canada. Those entrepreneur immigrants have helped Canadian industries get back on their feet. For example, in 1987 Li Ka Shing, a Hong Kong billionaire, purchased 52% of Calgary-based Husky Oil Ltd. In April 1988, Li's company, Concord Pacific Developments Ltd, purchased the 85-hectare site of Expo '86 on the north shore of False Creek for $320 million. These investments helped the Canadian business community access a broader range of financing and helped create jobs in the country.

 

​In Calgary's Chinatown, because of the exposed influx of large numbers of immigrants from Hong Kong, developers and business men have increased their investments. In the coming future, Chinatown will go through more drastic changes. The population is continuing to increase; as a result, there will be more commercial developments and more businesses leading to an even more vibrant community.

The history of the Chinese in Calgary in the last 100 years, just like the Chinese everywhere in Canada, is mostly a story of racial oppression, denial of civil rights and many years of systematic discrimination created by the host community and a succession of governments at all levels for most of the century.

From the time the first Chinese set foot in Canada more than 100 years ago, they have been met with extreme cruelty and hostility from the white majority. The xenophobic attitudes of of the host country, particularly in the first half of the this century, had caused the early Chinese settlers an experience of mental and physical suffering and indignity that no other minority group in the history of Canada had ever encountered.

Through their unique characteristics of sacrifice, perseverance and hard work, the Chinese managed to survive over a half century of injustice and hardship at the hand of the host country. Notwithstanding the ordeal, they made a significant contribution to the building of Canada, from the gold rush in the Fraser Valley and the construction of the most treacherous portion of the Canadian Pacific Railway in British Columbia, through their efforts during the Second World War, to their presence in many fields today.

With the changing attitude of the white majority after the Second World War, and the subsequent introduction of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and official policies of multiculturalism, and a more equitable and enlightened immigration policy, the Chinese began to prosper. Just as Canada is focusing its attention on the economic powerhouse of eastern Asia, Chinese Canadians are injecting a new vitality into Canadian society, which will have a profound, far reaching and positive effect for Canada as it enters the 21st century.